• ISSN: 2148-2225 (online)

Ulaştırma ve Lojistik Kongreleri

alphanumeric journal

The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems

An Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm Approach for Solving Multi-objective Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem


Osman Pala

Mehmet Aksaraylı, Ph.D.


Abstract

In the transportation and logistics sector, the problem of vehicle routing is an important issue that needs to be addressed in many ways. The aim of the work is to minimize the total tour time and the average length of time that a passenger travels on by a service company that is carrying passengers between the hotel and the airport with their service vehicles. Due to the limitations of passenger transport in vehicles, the problem is dealt with as a Multi-objective Capacitated Vehicle Routing problem. An Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm which is a heuristic method is proposed for solving the problem. According to the results of the solution, it is observed that the proposed model provides significant improvements in terms of both parameters in terms of the duration of the tours and the duration of the average transportation time of the customers.

Keywords: Ant Colony, Multi-objective Optimization, Vehicle Routing Problem

Jel Classification: C61

Çok Amaçlı Kapasite Kısıtlı Araç Rotalama Problemi Çözümünde Bir Karınca Kolonisi Optimizasyon Algoritması Yaklaşımı


Öz

Ulaşım ve lojistik sektöründe araç rotalama problemi çok yönlü ele alınması gereken önemli bir konudur. Çalışmanın amacı, ulaştırma sektöründe sahip olduğu servis araçlarıyla oteller ile havalimanı arası yolcu taşımacılığı yapan ve hala faaliyette bulunan bir firmanın toplam tur sürelerini ve bir yolcunun ortalama ulaşımda geçirdiği süreyi minimize etmektir. Araçlarda bulunan yolcu taşıma sınırlamaları nedeniyle problem Çok Amaçlı Kapasite Kısıtlı Araç Rotalama problemi olarak ele alınmıştır. Problemin çözümünde sezgisel bir yöntem olan Karınca Kolonisi Optimizasyonu Algoritması kullanılmıştır. Çözüm sonuçlarına göre turların süresi ve müşterilerin ortalama ulaşımda geçirdikleri süre açısından önerilen modelin her iki parametre açısından da önemli iyileştirmeler sağladığı gözlenmiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Araç Rotalama Problemi, Karınca Kolonisi Algoritması, Çok Amaçlı Optimizasyon


Cite this article

Pala, O., Aksaraylı, M. (2018). Çok Amaçlı Kapasite Kısıtlı Araç Rotalama Problemi Çözümünde Bir Karınca Kolonisi Optimizasyon Algoritması Yaklaşımı. Alphanumeric Journal, 6(1), 37-48. http://dx.doi.org/10.17093/alphanumeric.366852

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Volume 6, Issue 1, 2018

2018.06.01.OR.04

alphanumeric journal

Volume 6, Issue 1, 2018

Pages 37-48

Received: Dec. 12, 2017

Accepted: Feb. 2, 2018

Published: March 25, 2018

Full Text [588.9 KB]

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2018 Pala, O., Aksaraylı, M.

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