Title

Assessment of PISA 2012 Results With Quantile Regression Analysis Within The Context of Inequality In Educational Opportunity

Eğitimde Fırsat Eşitsizliği Bağlamında PISA 2012 Sonuçlarının Kantil Regresyon Analizi İle Değerlendirilmesi


Title
( Turkish )
Abstract

The importance of educational opportunity inequality has been increasing within the context of education systems during recent years. In addition to quality in education, opportunity equality is among the significant paradigms in countries of high educational performance. Thus, it is of utmost importance to research the relationship between socio-economic characteristics of the students and achievement based on opportunity equality. Especially to remove the gap observed in Turkish literature is among the objectives of the present study. The main objective of the study is to assess the socio-demographic characteristics that affect the achievement of students in mathematics within the context of educational opportunity equality for PISA 2012 Turkey sample. Data analysis was conducted with quantile regression (QR) and classical linear regression (OLS). As a result, it was determined that students’ family background, familiarity with information and communication technology and school climate were affective on mathematics achievement. It was observed that as parentel education, educational resources at home, and index of familty wealth increased, mathematics achievement increased as well. It was also observed that time of computer use had a negative effect on achievement in mathematics. Furthermore, study findings identified that the achievement of male students was higher than females.

Eğitimde fırsat eşitsizliği eğitim sistemleri açısından son yıllarda gittikçe önemi artan bir kavram haline gelmiştir. Eğitimde kalite ile birlikte fırsat eşitliği olgusu yüksek eğitim performansına sahip olan ülkelerin önemli paradigmaları arasında yer alır. Bu yönü ile öğrencilerin sosyoekonomik durumu ile eğitim düzeyi ve başarı arasındaki ilişkinin fırsat eşitliği bağlamında araştırılması önem arz etmektedir. Özellikle Türkçe literatürde gözlenen açıklığın giderilmesi de bu çalışmanın amaçları arasında yer almaktadır. Çalışmada PISA 2012 Türkiye örneklemi için eğitimde fırsat eşitliği bağlamında matematik başarısını etkileyen sosyo-demografik özelliklerin değerlendirmesi amaçlanmıştır. Verilerin analizinde kantil regresyon ve klasik doğrusal regresyon analizinden yararlanılmıştır. Sonuç olarak öğrencinin aile özgeçmişi, bilgi ve iletişim teknolojisi ile aşinalığı ve okul ortamının matematik başarısı üzerinde etkili olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Ailenin eğitim düzeyi, evdeki eğitim kaynakları ve ailenin refah düzeyi arttıkça matematik başarısının arttığı gözlenmiştir. Bilgisayar kullanım süresinin ise matematik başarısı üzerinde negatif etkiye sahip olduğu görülmüştür. Ayrıca erkek öğrencilerin kız öğrencilere göre daha başarılı olduğu da çalışmada ulaşılan bir diğer bulgudur.

Abstract
( Turkish )
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Gürsakal, S., Murat, D., Gürsakal, N., (2016). Assessment of PISA 2012 Results With Quantile Regression Analysis Within The Context of Inequality In Educational Opportunity, Alphanumeric Journal, 4(2), 041-054.

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